Jan. 11, 2013.  Increasing evidence of air pollution playing a role in type II diabetes.


Weldy CS, Y Liu, YC Chang, IO Medvedev, JR Fox, TV Larson, WM Chien, MT Chin. In utero and early life exposure to diesel exhaust air pollution increases adult susceptibility to heart failure in mice. Particle and Fibre Toxicology. 2013. http://bit.ly/18znRIR

Dec. 2, 2013.  Another study linking air pollution and genetic deficit to autism.
Citation: Volk, Heather E.; Kerin, Tara; Lurmann, Fred; Hertz-Picciotto, Irva; McConnell, Rob; Campbell, Daniel B., ‘Autism Spectrum Disorder: Interaction of Air Pollution with the MET Receptor Tyrosine Kinase Gene’, Epidemiology 14 November 2013 doi: 10.1097/EDE.0000000000000030 Source: University of Southern California – Health Sciences
Dec. 1, 2013.  Short term exposure to air pollution (including multiple types) decreases lung function even at levels far below EPA’s standards.  Mary B. Rice, Petter L. Ljungman, Elissa H. Wilker, Diane R. Gold, Joel D. Schwartz, Petros Koutrakis, George R. Washko, George T. O’Connor, and Murray A. Mittleman “Short-Term Exposure to Air Pollution and Lung Function in the Framingham Heart Study”, American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, Vol. 188, No. 11 (2013), pp. 1351-1357.
doi: 10.1164/rccm.201308-1414OC
Nov. 19,2013.  Industrial air pollution associated with higher rates of congenital heart defects  http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2013/11/131117155456.htm
Nov. 5, 2013.  Incinerator emissions associated with 30% higher rates of pre-term births.    Candela S, Ranzi A, Bonvicini L, Baldacchini F, Marzaroli P, Evangelista A, Luberto F, Carretta E, Angelini P, Sterrantino AF, Broccoli S, Cordioli M, Ancona C, Forastiere F.  Air pollution from incinerators and reproductive outcomes: a multisite study.  Epidemiology. 2013 Nov;24(6):863-70. doi: 10.1097/EDE.0b013e3182a712f1.
Oct. 22, 2013.  Air pollution increases rate of low birthweight outcomes.  Pedersen M, et al.  Ambient air pollution and low birthweight: a European cohort study (ESCAPE)  The Lancet Respiratory Medicine, Early Online Publication, 15 October 2013  doi:10.1016/S2213-2600(13)70192-9
July 29, 2013.  Residents of Northern China lose 5.5 years of life due to air pollution  Pope CA 3rd, Dockery DW.  Air pollution and life expectancy in China and beyond. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2013 Jul 11Chena Y,  Ebensteinb A, Greenstone M, Lie H.  Evidence on the impact of sustained exposure to air pollution on life expectancy from China’s Huai River policy.  www.pnas.org/cgi/doi/10.1073/pnas.1300018110
July 8, 2013.  Traffic-related air pollution (primarily diesel exhaust) exposure was associated with decreased attention skills in boys 7-14 yrs old.
Chiu, YHM, DC Bellinger, BA Coull, S Anderson, R Barber, RO Wright and RJ Wright. 2013. Associations between traffic-related black carbon exposure and attention in a prospective birth cohort of urban children. Environmental Health Perspectives http://ehp.niehs.nih.gov/1205940/
July 8, 2013.  Among survivors of a previous MI, for every 10ug of chronic PM2.5 exposure the risk of death increased 30%, and the risk of another MI, heart failure episode or stroke increased 50%
Koton S, Molshatzki N, Yuval, Myers V, Broday DM, Drory Y, Steinberg DM, Gerber Y.  Cumulative exposure to particulate matter air pollution and long-term post-myocardial infarction outcomes.  Prev Med. 2013 Jun 15. pii: S0091-7435(13)00201-6. doi: 10.1016/j.ypmed.2013.06.009. [Epub ahead of print]
July 8, 2013.  Increases in all fractions of particulate matter (PM2.5, PM2.5-10, and PM10) during the previous day, increased daily hospital admissions for cardiovascular and respiratory diseases. Stafoggia M, Samoli E, Alessandrini E, Cadum E, Ostro B, Berti G, Faustini A, Jacquemin B, Linares C, Pascal M, Randi G, Ranzi A, Stivanello E, Forastiere F.  Short-term Associations between Fine and Coarse Particulate Matter and Hospitalizations in Southern Europe: Results from the MED-PARTICLES Project.  Environ Health Perspect. 2013 Jun 18. [Epub ahead of print] 
July 8, 2013.  Retinal examinations showed decrease in the size of microvasculature corresponding to the concentrations of PM10 measured during the previous day
Louwies T, Panis L, Kicinski M, De Boever P, Nawrot TS.  Retinal Microvascular Responses to Short-Term Changes in Particulate Air Pollution in Healthy Adults.  Environ Health Perspect. 2013 Jun 18. [Epub ahead of print]
June 19, 2013: ANOTHER NEW STUDY LINKS AIR POLLUTION WITH AUTISM Rates of autism were double among the children of women exposed to the most air pollution compared to the least exposure.  The association was strongest with diesel exhaust and mercury.
Andrea L. Roberts, Kristen Lyall, Jaime E. Hart, Francine Laden, Allan C. Just, Jennifer F. Bobb, Karestan C. Koenen, Alberto Ascherio, and Marc G. Weisskopf. Perinatal Air Pollutant Exposures and Autism Spectrum Disorder in the Children of Nurses’ Health Study II Participants. Environmental Health Perspectives, 2013 DOI: 10.1289/ehp.1206187
June 15, 2013.  Prenatal exposure to urban freeway air pollution nanoparticles impairs neuronal development in neonatal rats
Davis DA, Bortolato M, Godar SC, Sander TK, Iwata N, Pakbin P, Shih JC, Berhane K, McConnell R, Sioutas C, Finch CE, Morgan TE.  Prenatal exposure to urban air nanoparticles in mice causes altered neuronal differentiation and depression-like responses.  PLoS One. 2013 May 29;8(5):e64128. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0064128. Print 2013.
June 15, 2013.  Long term exposure to PM2.5 associated with increased risk of death from diabetic complications.   For every 10 ug/m3 of PM2.5 that risk increased 49% and the relationship was found down to less than 5 ug/m3. 
Brook RD, Cakmak S, Turner MC, Brook JR, Crouse DL, Peters PA, van Donkelaar A, Villeneuve PJ, Brion O, Jerrett M, Martin RV, Rajagopalan S, Goldberg MS, Pope CA 3rd, Burnett RT.  Long-Term Fine Particulate Matter Exposure and Mortality From Diabetes Mellitus in Canada.   Diabetes Care. 2013 Jun 18. [Epub ahead of print]
June 8, 2013.  More evidence that air pollution causes DNA damage  
Davis DA, Bortolato M, Godar SC, Sander TK, Iwata N, Pakbin P, Shih JC, Berhane K, McConnell R, Sioutas C, Finch CE, Morgan TE.  PLoS One. 2013 May 29;8(5):e64128. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0064128. Print 2013.  Prenatal exposure to urban air nanoparticles in mice causes altered neuronal differentiation and depression-like responses.
Prasad BS, Vidyullatha P, Venkata RP, Tirumala VG, Varre S, Penagaluru UR, Grover P, Mundluru HP, Penagaluru PR.  Evaluation of oxidative stress and DNA damage in traffic policemen exposed to vehicle exhaust.  Biomarkers. 2013 Jun 5. [Epub ahead of print]
Janssen BG, Godderis L, Pieters N, Poels K, Kici Ski M, Cuypers A, Fierens F, Penders J, Plusquin M, Gyselaers W, Nawrot TS.  Placental DNA hypomethylation in association with particulate air pollution in early life.  Part Fibre Toxicol. 2013 Jun 7;10(1):22. [Epub ahead of print]
May 27, 2013  Particulate pollution changes rat brain gene expression similar to the changes found in human brain tumors. 
Ljubimova JY, Kleinman MT, Karabalin NM, Inoue S, Konda B, Gangalum P, Markman JL, Ljubimov AV, Black KL.  Gene expression changes in rat brain after short and long exposures to particulate matter in Los Angeles basin air: Comparison with human brain tumors.  Exp Toxicol Pathol. 2013 May 17. pii: S0940-2993(13)00054-7. doi: 10.1016/j.etp.2013.04.002. [Epub ahead of print]
May 27, 2013  In vitro genotoxicity after 3 hrs. exposure to 10 ppb NO2.  
Koehler C, Thielen S, Ginzkey C, Hackenberg S, Scherzed A, Burghartz M, Paulus M, Hagen R, Kleinsasser NH.  Nitrogen dioxide is genotoxic in urban concentrations.  Inhal Toxicol. 2013 May 23. [Epub ahead of print]
May 23, 2013.  Significant increase in ADHD behavior in seven year olds living with more traffic air pollution
Newman N, Ryan P, LeMasters G, Levin L, Bernstein D, Khurana-Hershey GK, Lockey JE, Villareal M, Reponen T, Grinshpun S, Sucharew H, Dietrich KN.  Traffic-Related Air Pollution Exposure in the First Year of Life and Behavioral Scores at Seven Years of Age.   Environ Health Perspect (): .doi:10.1289/ehp.1205555

 May 18, 2013  Even short term exposure to PM2.5, CO, or NOx, for a few days prior to birth increases the rate of still births
Faiz AS, Rhoads GG, Demissie K, Lin Y, Kruse L, Rich DQ.  Does Ambient Air Pollution Trigger Stillbirth?  Epidemiology. 2013 May 14. [Epub ahead of print] 
May 10, 2013.  More studies showing increased incidence of Type II Diabetes and insulin resistance in children with air pollution.   Diabetes increases 1% for every 1ug/m3 of PM2.5, and insulin resistance in children increased 19% for every 6ug/m3 of PM10.
Chen H, Burnett RT, Kwong JC, Villeneuve PJ, Goldberg MS, Brook RD, van Donkelaar A, Jerrett M, Martin RV, Brook JR, Copes R. Risk of Incident Diabetes in Relation to Long-term Exposure to Fine Particulate Matter in Ontario, Canada.  Environ Health Perspect (): .doi:10.1289/ehp.1205958Thiering E,  Cyrys J, Kratzsch J, Meisinger C,  Hoffmann B,  Berdel D, von Berg A,  Koletzko S,  Bauer CP,  Heinrich J.  Long-term exposure to traffic-related air pollution and insulin resistance in children: results from the GINIplus and LISAplus birth cohorts.  Diabetologia, DOI 10.1007/s00125-013-2925-x 
April 9, 2013.  Prenatal exposure to road traffic air pollution, (Carbon Monoxide) associated with higher rates of multiple types of childhood cancer.
March 28, 2013.  Proximity to coal tar sealed pavement raises risk of cancer, because of high PAHs in house dust near by.
Williams ES, Mahler B,  Van Metre P. Cancer Risk from Incidental Ingestion Exposures to PAHs Associated with Coal-Tar-Sealed Pavement. Environmental Science & Technology, 2013; 47 (2): 1101 DOI: 10.1021/es303371t
March 28, 2013.  Add prostate cancer to the growing list of cancers associated with air pollution.
Parent ME, Goldberg MS, Crouse DL, Ross NA, Chen H, Valois MF, Liautaud A.  Traffic-related air pollution and prostate cancer risk: a case-control study in Montreal, Canada.  Occup Environ Med. 2013 Mar 26. [Epub ahead of print]
March 1. 2013.  Autism associated with traffic related PM2.5 and ozone.
Becerra T,   Wilhelm M, Olsen J, Cockburn M, Ritz B.   Ambient Air Pollution and Autism in Los Angeles County, California.  Environ Health Perspect 121:380–386 (2013). http://dx.doi.org/10.1289/ehp.1205827 [Online 18 December 2012]

Feb. 27, 2013.  Baby mice exposed to air pollution seek instant rewards as adults, a behavior linked to addiction.  Adds to the evidence that pollution permanently affects the developing brain

Allen, JL, K Conrad, G Oberdörster, CJ Johnston, B Sleezer and BA Cory-Slechta. 2013. Developmental exposure to concentration ambient particles and preferences for immediate reward in mice. Environmental Health Perspectives 121(1): 32-38 http://dx.doi.org/10.1289/ehp.1205505.

Feb. 16, 2013.  Out of hospital cardiac arrest increases with both PM2.5 and ozone–4.6% for every 6 ug/m3 PM2.5, 4.4% for every 20 ppb of ozone
Ensor KB, Raun LH, Persse D.  A Case-Crossover Analysis of Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest and Air Pollution.  Circulation. 2013 Feb 13. [Epub ahead of print]
Feb, 8, 2013.  One in 20 pre-eclampsia cases due to air pollution
Olsson D,  Mogren I, Forsberg B.   Air pollution exposure in early pregnancy and adverse pregnancy outcomes: a register-based cohort study. BMJ Open, 2013; 3 (2): e001955 DOI: 10.1136/bmjopen-2012-001955
Feb. 6, 2013 In the largest study to date–following 3 million births, from 14 cities worldwide– air pollution linked with low birth weight.   Per 10 ug/m3 PM2.5, chance of low birth wt. increased 10%
Feb. 6, 2013.   Mother’s blood level of flame retardants associated with lower IQ
Eskenazi, B, J Chevrier, SA Rauch, K Kogut, KG Harley, C Johnson, C Trujillo, A Sjödin and A Bradman. 2012. In utero and childhood polybrominated diphenyl ether (PBDE) exposures and neurodevelopment in the CHAMACOS study. Environmental Health Perspectives http://dx.doi.org/ 10.1289/ehp.1205597.
Jan. 27, 2013  Air Pollution Makes People Unhappy.  No surprise there.
71.  Byron Lew, B. Mak Arvin. Happiness and air pollution: evidence from 14 European countries. International Journal of Green Economics, 2013 (in press)
Jan. 19, 2013  Indoor particulate pollution almost as high as outdoor air pollution
Fuller CH, Brugge D, Williams PL, Mittleman MA, Lane K, Durant JL, Spengler JD.
Indoor and outdoor measurements of particle number concentration in near-highway homes.   J Expo Sci Environ Epidemiol. 2013 Jan 16. doi: 10.1038/jes.2012.116. [Epub ahead of print]
Jan. 17, 2013  Even tiny amounts of lead are associated with surprisingly large decreases in IQ.  Kennecott’s heavy metal emissions in our community are a serious issue
Lucchini, RG, S Zoni, S Guazzetti, E Bontempi, S Micheletti, K Broberg, G Parrinello and DR Smith. 2012. Inverse association of intellectual function with very low blood lead but not with manganese exposure in Italian adolescents. Environmental Research http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2012.08.003.
Dec. 21, 2012  Air pollution increases the risk of stillbirths.
Dec. 21, 2012.  More evidence traffic pollution stunts and permanently impairs lung development in children
Grigg J.    Traffic-derived Air Pollution and Lung Function Growth.  Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2012 Dec 15;186(12):1208-9. doi: 10.1164/rccm.201210-1892ED.
Dec. 21, 2012–More evidence linking autism to air pollution
Nov. 27, 2012–Autism again linked to air pollution
Dioxin exposure harms three generations of rats through epigenetic changes, Sept. 27, 2012
One in ten children get asthma because they live near a busy road, Sept. 26, 2012
Sept. 27, 2012, Global warming costing the world’s economy $1.2 trillion a year

Air Pollution and Behavioral Disorders in Children, March 2012

Perera FP, Tang D, Wang S, Vishnevetsky J, Zhang B, Diaz D, Camann D, Rauh V.  Prenatal Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon (PAH) Exposure and Child Behavior at age 6-7. Environ Health Perspect. 2012 Mar 22. [Epub ahead of print]

Air Pollution and Cognitive Decline in Older Women

Weuve J,  Puett R,  Schwartz  J,  Yanosky J,  Laden F,  Grodstein F.   Exposure to Particulate Air Pollution and Cognitive Decline in Older Women Arch Intern Med. 2012;172(3):219-227. doi:10.1001/archinternmed.2011.683

Air Pollution and heart attacks and strokes: NYTimes, Feb. 15, 2012

Mustafić H,  Jabre P,  Caussin C,  Murad M, et al.  Main Air Pollutants and Myocardial Infarction:  A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.  JAMA 2012. vol 307, no. 7 pg 713-721.

Wellenius G,  Burger M,  Coull B,  Schwartz J, et al.   Ambient Air Pollution and the Risk of Acute Ischemic Stroke.  Arch Intern Med. 2012;172(3):229-234. doi:10.1001/archinternmed.2011.732






Air Pollution and the Microvasculature: A Cross-SectionalAssessment of In Vivo Retinal Images in the Population-Based Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA)  PDF

Fine-Particulate Air Pollution and Life Expectancy in the United States  PDF

Long-Term Exposure to Air Pollution and Incidence of Cardiovascular Events in Women PDF

Particulate Matter Air Pollution and Cardiovascular Disease PDF

Ischemic Heart Disease Events Triggered by Short-Term Exposure to Fine Particulate Air Pollution PDF

Written on December 17th, 2011

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